Hospital pharmacies can usually be found within the premises of the hospital. Hospital pharmacies usually stock a larger range of medications. For over 45 years Hospital Pharmacy has been practitioner-focused and dedicated to the promotion of safe medication practice and the prevention of medication errors.
Hospital Pharmacy features peer-reviewed clinical information applicable to pharmacists in hospitals and organized health systems, managed care practice, nursing homes, pharmacy schools, long term care, and other settings where state-of-the-art practice information is required. Hospital pharmacists and trained pharmacy technicians compound sterile products for patients including total parenteral nutrition (TPN), and other medications given intravenously e.g. neonatal antibiotics and chemotherapy. This is a complex process that requires adequate training of personnel, quality assurance of products, and adequate facilities.
All large acute hospitals have an on-site pharmacy department which has the key purpose of ensuring that patients can receive the right medicine at the right time by an efficient and economical system. Today most pharmacists would agree that they have a wider responsibility in ensuring that they apply pharmaceutical expertise to help maximize drug efficacy and minimize drug toxicity. This concern of pharmacists for the outcome of treatment in an individual patient, which has developed in the UK over the last thirty years, characterizes the practice of clinical pharmacy and has led to the concept of pharmaceutical care as the description of the role of the pharmacist inpatient care.